Monthly Archives: February 2015

Meet the JADE Research Vault … it’s an advance

You may remember the days of paper. We do. We still have a lot of it and we use it every day. This is one of our research vaults. It’s where the JADE editorial team extracts meaning, sometimes with a pencil, always with love of the law. Yellow pads at the ready.

The JADE Legal Research HQ is the location of our research vault. This enormous facility is built for the future. The vault is more than 2,000 metres long and 300 metres wide. We estimate that it will provide us with sufficient storage for legal primary materials until at least 2050.

(We waited until the lunch break to take this photo.) Usually you would find out editors at the tables ready to pounce like cats upon challenging legal research questions. Robots have no place here. Legal knowledge is too precious to squander on machine learning or algorithms. We are human scale.


The JADE Research Vault. Source: Photographer: Balthazar Korab. Architect: Eero Saarinen.

Our Legal Research Desktop


JADE Advance … we’re already there … transforming research

It’s been a big week of advance here at the JADE Legal Research HQ. As always, the team has been experimenting with all kinds of new ideas to bring you the best possible legal research experience. In a world where everything old seems new again, we have created the first dedicated 3D surround desktop research desk, the JADE Advance Research Sphere (JARS). Created with the most demanding and stylish users in mind, the JARS will be the centrepiece of any knowledge centre and can double as a conference table in chambers.

As you can see in the photo, legal research in JADE with this advanced unit is amazing. Put on the 3D-glasses and organise your universe of legal research on our tactile research desk. Start small. Work big.


The New Look of JADE Advance. Source: (Photographer: Balthazar Korab)


Lawcite and citation updates performance history

There are strengths and weaknesses of legal citators. One strength is that a citator can provide a researcher with pin-point updates when a later decision has made reference to a particular passage within an earlier legal decision. JADE’s CaseTrace provides that pin-point accuracy as well as general references made by later decisions. The references turbo-charge your research efficiency. One potential risk of using a citator is that unless it is kept up-to-date, the absence of a reference might suggest that a decision has not been considered at all. We call this citator currency.

The risk of missing a later decision by relying on an out-of-date citator is why many of us learn to undertake a search on the decision as well. If a decision of the High Court of Australia or an intermediate appellate court casts doubt on a legal proposition, the astute legal researcher needs to know about this immediately.

When we have been teaching students how to do legal research, we have regularly compared CaseTrace with other systems. One of these is AustLII’s LawCite. LawCite has many more citations in it. At the time of writing (14 February 2015), there are 4,638,414 citations in LawCite and 1,149,123 citations in JADE. It is not possible to know how many of the Citations in LawCite are references to secondary materials.

Citator Currency in Jade’s CaseTrace and AustLII’s LawCite

JADE CaseTrace. All CaseTrace references in the JADE legal research platform update instantly, as soon as JADE has parsed the most recent decision referring to a judgment or statutory reference. The paper clips on the right hand side of the JADE page are instantly updated. Searching also works immediately.

AustLII’s Law Cite. The story is quite different with AustLII’s LawCite. Since we started monitoring the published update frequency within LawCite in August 2014, we noticed the following:

Our Review Date When LawCite was updated Last update Period between updates Cases and Articles in LawCite
20-Aug-14 07-Jul-14 44 days 4,550,035
26-Aug-14 25-Aug-14 1 day 49 days 4,550,035
27-Aug-14 26-Aug-14 1 day 1 day 4,563,832
04-Nov-14 26-Sep-14 39 days 31 days 4,577,280
10-Dec-14 02-Dec-14 8 days 67 days 4,613,759
28-Jan-15 12-Dec-14 47 days 10 days 4,616,118
14-Feb-15 10-Feb-15 4 days 60 days 4,638,414

Litigation History as part of your Legal Research Routine

Litigation history is now part of JADE

In the past two months, our editorial team has been matching decisions in JADE from first instance to special leave and beyond. Litigation history in JADE lets you locate the every decision in the litigation record. If it has been published, JADE will attempt to discover and link it, across jurisdictions and across every level.

An example

It is best demonstrated with an example. Let’s use Cantarella Bros Pty Limited v Modena Trading Pty Limited [2014] HCA 48. Using JADE’s excellent API, we can reference the case as:

Start with CaseTrace

JADE CaseTrace contains the most recent preceding and (where applicable) subsequent litigation history. To see more detail click on the bottom right hand side of the Case Trace box. The equivalent full court decision appears on the right hand side:



Litigation History is part of CaseTrace

The page jumps to the bottom of the judgment. You will see the decision chronology. In the case of applications for special leave which have been granted, you will even be able to see when special leave was granted and when the High Court of Australia heard argument and reserved to consider the judgment. You will be able to click to each of the decisions and (in the case of the High Court), the transcript or determination of the application for special leave. The following image demonstrates:


If you were to be looking at the litigation history in the Full Court decision, you would see the following:


The diamond (shown at the number 2), indicates the decision you are currently viewing.

CaseTrace alerts you to cases which have been the subject of appellate consideration.

Even better, in the ‘cases cited by this decision’ section of CaseTrace, we mark decisions with an “A” to indicate that the decision has been the subject of an appeal.


And the top of a decision is marked as well, even for cases pending.

We mark cases which have been appealed, and even cases which have a pending subsequent decision. Here is an example from the Full Court in Modena Trading Pty Ltd v Cantarella Bros Pty Ltd [2013] FCAFC 110:


There’s much more to come.

With JADE, we aim to be the best legal research platform for legal professionals. JADE. Experience Matters.

Tracking litigation history requires modern research systems

Litigation history now featured in JADE

The JADE editorial team is delighted to report the addition of two new pieces of equipment to help modernise our litigation history analysis. Litigation History now appears in JADE and allows you to discover (in most cases) the subsequent history of a case through to any special leave applications to the High Court of Australia and their disposition. This is so even where the parties have changed their names.

The Lexis-Extractor-2000 Editorial Desk

Using the The JADE team is always on the look out for the latest technology. The editorial research tool of choice is the Lexis-Extractor 2000. You’d be surprised, but this all in one desk reflects many years of research. It is the most modern editorial suite.

Using the power of the Lexis-Extractor, our JADE editors can find and classify 15 case references per minute. The buttons on the left-hand-side allow our editors to select cases of relevance for our panels and classify by topic. The telephone allows our duty editor to phone ahead important updates. The Lexis-Extractor produces a slurry of words which are colour coded and pumped into our Think Tank.

Lexis-Extractor 2000

The Lexis-Extractor 2000 Nexus Editorial Desk. Photo source:

The Digital Think Tank Legal History Compressor

Once the Lexis-Extractor has done its magic, the Digital Think Tank Legal History Compressor takes over. We pump the stream of words into a high pressure concept cooker and links form between cases of interest. It is from these links that we create our famous visualisations. JADE Professional users can see the benefits of this amazing equipment.

Our trained JADE editor is adjusting the pressure and rearranging concepts to extract the greatest possible meaning.


Digital Think Tank History Compressor. Photo source: